Motivating people across cultures: A 2-pronged approach

Main Discussion Post


I do not believe that the approach for motivating an employee is universal.  As Adler (2008) mentions there are different cultural values that may dictate motivation.  Most “universal” motivation campaigns have been developed in the United States (2008).  Earley and Erez (1997) mention that each individual has a self-concept that is regulated by enhancement, efficacy, and consistency, which regulate the influence of culture on behavior.  These motives reflect how a person views him or herself in society (1997).  Because we have different personality types and cultural values, whether individualistic or collectivist cultures, there can be no universal truth for motivation.  We can have broad, over-arching principles like the two-factor motivation theory proposed by Herzberg (Adler, 2008).  This principle states that extrinsic and internal factors both equally can be used to motivate employees.  An external factor, like money, might not hold the same motivational value to some as it does to others, whereas performing at high levels and having pride about the company might not be equal as well.  Based on the fact that we are all different and have different cultural backgrounds and values, I do not think it will ever be possible to have a single, narrow approach for motivation.  There are too many factors and variables to consider.




Adler, N. and Gunderson, A. (2008). International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior (5th Ed.). Cincinnati, OH, US: Southwestern.


Early, P., and Erez, M. (eds) (1997). New Perspectives on International Industrial /Organizational Psychology. San Francisco, CA, US: Pfeiffer.

Connecting with your student at home

Connecting with your student at home

There is so much evidence to suggest that participating in your student’s education will help them succeed, not only in school but also in life. They will be much more likely to stay off drugs, not abuse alcohol, have higher self-esteem, and be overall more adjusted. Here’s some simple tools on what you can do to participate on a daily basis

Social media

The internet is definitely a social tool.  You can communicate instantly with people all around the world, take classes from your home, find a date, shop, and many other things.  Fine (2007) shows how protests can be organized and messages conveyed via networking sites like Twitter and text messages.  These tools of technology were demonstrated to be used for social change.  They protested, people listened, society changed (Fine, 2007). We have recently seen how history was changed for the better using social media, both in Egypt and OWS, and the not so good in the London riots.

Voelcker (2006) points to several “social entrepreneurs” who have used technology to change the world.  Whether it is through a self-contained toilet using less water and chemicals, using food preservation techniques to limit waste, or offering free online courses, but technology can be used to better the world.  By using technology in this way it allows others to increase their opportunities to help as well. is a great way to use technology for social change.  Whatever the cause, this site brings different political issues to a discussion.  As of today there are public option debates, Afghanistan issues, and other health care issues (  The internet is a great way to get information instantly.  It is also a great way to get misinformation quickly.  It is important to be discerning about this medium of information because everyone does have access to it.


Fine, A. (2007). Networks online and on-land. Social Innovation Review. Winter, 2007. 36.

Voelcker, J. (2006). Creating social change: 10 Innovative Technologies. Stanford Social Innovation Review. Summer, 2006. 45-53.