Main Discussion Post
I do not believe that the approach for motivating an employee is universal. As Adler (2008) mentions there are different cultural values that may dictate motivation. Most “universal” motivation campaigns have been developed in the United States (2008). Earley and Erez (1997) mention that each individual has a self-concept that is regulated by enhancement, efficacy, and consistency, which regulate the influence of culture on behavior. These motives reflect how a person views him or herself in society (1997). Because we have different personality types and cultural values, whether individualistic or collectivist cultures, there can be no universal truth for motivation. We can have broad, over-arching principles like the two-factor motivation theory proposed by Herzberg (Adler, 2008). This principle states that extrinsic and internal factors both equally can be used to motivate employees. An external factor, like money, might not hold the same motivational value to some as it does to others, whereas performing at high levels and having pride about the company might not be equal as well. Based on the fact that we are all different and have different cultural backgrounds and values, I do not think it will ever be possible to have a single, narrow approach for motivation. There are too many factors and variables to consider.
Adler, N. and Gunderson, A. (2008). International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior (5th Ed.). Cincinnati, OH, US: Southwestern.
Early, P., and Erez, M. (eds) (1997). New Perspectives on International Industrial /Organizational Psychology. San Francisco, CA, US: Pfeiffer.